How to check if method was never called using Mockito

December 01, 2020 No comments Mockito Java Test never verify

1. Introduction

Mockito is a well-known Java-based framework for mocking objects in unit tests. This article will cover a specific use-case about checking if the method has not been called even once.

2. Mockito verify method

Mockito provides a verify() method that we can call on a mock object to check if specific conditions are met.

Let's have a look at what verifications are available in Mockito.

2.1 Verifying exact number of invocations

To check exact number of method invocation we could verify(...) method with seconds parameter that could be:

  • times(x) to verify if method was called x times,
  • never() to verify if method was never called,
  • atLeastOnce() to check if method was called at least once,
  • atLeast(x) to verify if method was called at least x times,
  • atMost(x) to verify if method was called at most x times.

To verify if the method was called once with a specific argument we could use verify(...).method(arg) notation.

Let's check the following example:

package com.frontbackend.libraries.mockito;

import static org.mockito.ArgumentMatchers.anyInt;
import static org.mockito.ArgumentMatchers.anyString;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.atLeast;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.atLeastOnce;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.atMost;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.never;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.times;
import static org.mockito.Mockito.verify;

import java.util.List;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.mockito.Mock;
import org.mockito.junit.MockitoJUnitRunner;

public class MockitoVerifyTest {

    private List<String> list;

    public void shouldCallTwoTimes() {

        verify(list, times(2)).add(anyString());
        verify(list, never()).add("three");
        verify(list, never()).remove(anyInt());
        verify(list, atLeastOnce()).add(anyString());
        verify(list, atMost(2)).add(anyString());
        verify(list, atLeast(2)).add(anyString());

In this test we use List<String> mock to check Mockito's verify method. We created mock object and add two Strings. Test passes because:

  • verify(list, times(2)).add(anyString()); - method add was called two times,
  • verify(list, never()).add("three"); - method add with String three was never called,
  • verify(list, never()).remove(anyInt()); - method remove was never called,
  • verify(list, atLeastOnce()).add(anyString()); - method add was caled at least two times,
  • verify(list, atMost(2)).add(anyString()); - method add was called at most two times,
  • verify(list, atLeast(2)).add(anyString()); - method add was called at least two times.

Answering the question given in the title: to verify if the method was never called using Mockito framework we need to use verify(..., never()).

3. Conclusion

In this short article, we presented how to use the verify(...) method with various parameters. The verify(...) is useful in unit tests where we need to specifically define the number of method invocations.

Test used in this article is available on out GitHub repository.

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