Thymeleaf utility methods for URI/URL

August 12, 2019 No comments Thymeleaf Utility URL URI

1. Introduction

Thymeleaf is a template engine created for Java-based applications. It comes with many great features and some awesome utility methods, useful in the development process. In this article, we will showcase the URI/URL utility methods used for performing operations like escaping/unescaping strings inside Thymeleaf standard expressions. The implementation of URI/URL utility methods can be found in the official Thymeleaf GitHub Repository.

If you want to learn how to construct URLs in Thymeleaf follow that link.

2. Available utility methods for URI/URL

Method Purpose Description
${#uris.escapePath(uri)}
${#uris.escapePath(uri, encoding)}
${#uris.unescapePath(uri)}
${#uris.unescapePath(uri, encoding)}
Escape/Unescape as a URI/URL path Allowed characters in URI path are: A-Z a-z 0-9, - . _ ~, ! $ & ' ( ) * + , ; =, @, /. Those chars will not be escaped. All other chars converted to the sequence of bytes that represents them in the specified encoding and then representing each byte in the hexadecimal representation of that byte.
${#uris.escapePathSegment(uri)}
${#uris.escapePathSegment(uri, encoding)}
${#uris.unescapePathSegment(uri)}
${#uris.unescapePathSegment(uri, encoding)}
Escape/Unescape as a URI/URL path segment (between '/' symbols) Escapes the given string for use as a URL path segment
${#uris.escapeFragmentId(uri)}
${#uris.escapeFragmentId(uri, encoding)}
${#uris.unescapeFragmentId(uri)}
${#uris.unescapeFragmentId(uri, encoding)}
Escape/Unescape as a Fragment Identifier (#frag) Escapes the given string for use as a URL path segment
${#uris.escapeQueryParam(uri)}
${#uris.escapeQueryParam(uri, encoding)}
${#uris.unescapeQueryParam(uri)}
${#uris.unescapeQueryParam(uri, encoding)}
Escape/Unescape as a Query Parameter (?var=value) Escapes the given string for use as a URL query param

3. Usage examples

In the following example we showed how to use uri escape methods.

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8"/>
    <title>Spring Boot Thymeleaf Application - Utility URI/URL</title>
</head>
<body>

<a th:href="${#uris.escapePath('https://frontbackend.com/©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}" th:text="${#uris.escapePath('https://frontbackend.com/©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}"></a><br/>
<a th:href="${'https://frontbackend.com/' + #uris.escapePathSegment('©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}" th:text="${'https://frontbackend.com/' + #uris.escapePathSegment('©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}"></a><br/>
<a th:href="${'https://frontbackend.com#' + #uris.escapeFragmentId('©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}" th:text="${'https://frontbackend.com#' + #uris.escapeFragmentId('©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}"></a><br/>
<a th:href="${'https://frontbackend.com?param=' + #uris.escapeQueryParam('©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}" th:text="${'https://frontbackend.com?param=' + #uris.escapeQueryParam('©!$%&()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~')}"></a><br/>
<a th:href="${'https://frontbackend.com/' + #uris.escapePathSegment('https://example.com')}" th:text="${'https://frontbackend.com/' + #uris.escapePathSegment('https://example.com')}"></a><br/>
<a th:href="${'https://frontbackend.com?param=' + #uris.escapeQueryParam('https://example.com')}" th:text="${'https://frontbackend.com?param=' + #uris.escapeQueryParam('https://example.com')}"></a><br/>

</body>
</html>

This will produce the following output:

Thymeleaf utility methods uri urls

4. Conclusion

In this article, we presented Thymeleaf utility methods for URI/URL created to escape/unescape special characters that couldn't be used in URLs. You can use it to build safe links to articles or other resources.

Code used in this article can be found at our GitHub repository.

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